Leaves (leaflets alternate)

Leaves come off in "steps" up the stem

Broome   makaka

Carmichaelia australis

Flattened stems and no leaves make this a quite unusual plant.  

Fuschia   kotukutuku

Fuschia excorticata

Fuschia is most easily recognised by the reddish bark. Fuschia is distinctive by its pink/papery bark Fuchsia leaves are alternate. In this bush the edges are smooth but they can be quite toothed. The pink bark shows up as this tree grows successfully on the edge of the estuary.  


Corynocarpus laevigatus

Karaka have the most shiny leaves in the bush; these are large and alternate with smooth edged. Karaka has a large shiny leaf  


Pittosporum crassifolium

Karo has a thick layer of tomentum ("hair") on the back of the leaves, this gives a greyish appearance to the undersurface of the leaf.  

Kawakawa   pepper tree

Macropiper excelsum

Kawakawa have heart shaped leaves  


Litsea calicaris

The younger plants seem to show quite a distinctive vein pattern, but the older trees have leaves which are quite broad.  

Mapou   matipo

Myrsine australis

Mapou (red matipo) is an edge occurring species recognised by a reddish stem and wavey leaves  

Milk tree   

Paratrophis microphylla

The juvenile leaf of milk tree shows the typical waisted shape  


Meryta sinclairii

Puka has huge leaves which are smooth on the under surface and have no lobes.  


Carpodetus serratus

Putaputaweta are easily recognised by their zigzag stems (it is also found as a small tree with bark in flakey squares) Putaputaweta (also known as marble leaf) has two forms, the juvenile and the adult.  


Brachyglottis repanda

Brachyglottis repanda or rangiora has the largest leaf in the reserve and this has a very pale soft back to it (bushman's toilet paper) Rangiora has the largest leaf in the forest (apart from the puka which is well away from the track) and this has a soft backing of grey tomentum. It is commonly called "Bushman's toilet paper"  


Knightia excelsa

Rewarewa have leaves which are quite stiff and strongly serrated. There are always long serrated leaves under these trees. Rewarewa distinctive by the long serrated leaves Rewarewa distinctive by the long serrated leaves  


Beilschmiedia tarairi

Taraire are tall growing, straight trunked trees; foliage is hard to see. The leaves are thickish, quite rounded and crinkle underfoot on the ground.  


Beilschmiedia tawa

Tawa in this bush are not a dominant tree but grow in ones and twos. They are most easily recognised by their shiny lime green coloured leaves. As yet I have not seen tawa fruit on the ground. Tawa leaves are a lighter yellow-green with the new shoots being a more rusty colour  

Whiteywood   mahoe

Melicytus ramiflorus

Whitey wood (Mahoe) grows readily in the regenerating forest. Look for paper thin leaf skeletons on the ground.