Leaves (leaflets) opposite

Leaves in pairs off the stem

Carmine rata   

Metrosideros carminea

A rare rata with little round leaves  

Coprosma   Raurekau

Coprosma macrocarpa?

The coprosmas in the reserve appear to be interbreeding and classification seems to depend on the key feature used.  


Geniostoma rupestre var.Iigustrifolium

Hangehange is a prolific grower; leaves in pairs and shiny. Hangehange occurs through out the bush providing dense bright green foliage in the more southern area.  


Coprosma robusta x ?

This coprosma is quickly identified by the opposite leaf arrangement and the black tip to the stipule found on the stem where the leaves dome off. Raurekau has thin shiny leaves with a pale midrib. The stipule is quite long with a black tip.  


Dysoxylum spectabile

Dysoxlum spectabile (Kohekohe) are throughout the bush and recognisable by their shiny large leaves, 3 at the end and then pairs of large leaves.  


Sophora microphylla

Kowhai goes largely unnoticed until flowering in spring. The distinctive foliage is two rows of small leaves  


Coprosma arborea

Mamangi is quickly recognised by the paired leaves each with a winged petiole.  

Mangrove   Manawa

Avicennia marina var.resinifera

Mangroves are found in the mudflats  

New Zealand Jasmine   Kaihua

Parsonsia heterophylla

Seen throughout the bush as a plant growing from the gournd with pairs of longish shaped leaves. As the climber extends upwards the stems twine about themsleves of other plants.  

Northern rata   

Metrosideros robusta

This huge old tree travels considerable distance before a canopy of leaves is found  


Hedycarya arborea

Pigeonwood has serrated leaves which are opposite each other on the stem. The petiole is almost black. Pigeonwood leaves are serrated and opposite, the stems are a darkish brown colour.  


Metrosideros excelsa

Pohutakawa grow as large trees along the cliff tops. Most easily identified by their twisting trunks  


Laurelia novae-zelandiae

Pukatea: a huge old tree with buttress like extensions at ground level.  

Red climbing rata   

Metrosideros fulgens

This rata has the paired larger leaves and is not as rounded at the tips as the white climbing rata.  

Supplejack   Kareao

Ripogonum scandens

Most noticable are the black stems hanging in loops throughout the forest. The leaves are arranged in pairs down the stem. The parallel veins are obvious.  

Titoki   New Zealand Ash

Alectrvon excelsus

Titoki are not easy to recognise in this bush, they tend to be chewed and eaten. The leaves consist of 4-6 pairs of leaflets which may be alternate to opposite. These leaflets may be serrated or have smooth edges. Titoki are most easily recognised by the base of their trunks which extend in a knobbly fashion.  

White climbing rata   

Metrosideros perforata

The small leaves come off in pairs as the rata climbs tree and fern trunks.  

Wineberry   Mako-Mako

Aristotelia serrata

Wineberry may be recognised by the red/wine coloured back of the leaves but this is not always so. Leaves are opposite and serrated, quite limp to touch and about 10cm long.